Saint Aphrem Theological Seminary
Maʿarrat Saydnaya, Syria
Catalogue of Courses
Table of Contents
- Historical overview of Saint Aphrem Theological Seminary 6
- The system of education at St. Aphrem Theological Seminary 10
- Certificates given by the Theological Seminary 10
- Admission requirements for the Theological Seminary 11
- Language of education 12
- Schedule of the program 12
- The method of evaluating classes and grades. 13
- The spiritual life in the Theological Seminary 14
- Saint Aphrem Theological Seminary’s relationship with other theological colleges 15
Saint Aphrem Theological Seminary
Saint Aphrem Monastery – Maʿarrat Saydnaya
PO Box: 22260 Bab Touma, Damascus, Syria
Phone: (+963)-11-595 1870
Director of the Seminary:
His Grace Mor Georges Kourieh, Ph.D.
Phone: (+963)-931-631 777
Vice-Director of the Seminary, Supervisor of the curriculum and Spiritual Director:
Very Rev. Roger-Youssef Akhrass, Ph.D.
Phone: (+963)-934-396 624
Academic calendar, 2016-2017
Wednesday, 14th of September 2016: The Feast of the Cross – The opening of the academic year with the celebration of the Divine Liturgy.
Thursday, 15th of September 2016: The start of the academic year – first semester.
Friday, 7th of October 2016: SS. Sergius and Bacchus, Martyrs.
Tuesday, 29th of November 2016: St. Jacob of Serug
Wednesday, 21st of December 2016: The end of classes of the first semester.
Thursday, 22nd of December 2016 to Thursday, 5th of January 2017: Christmas and New Year holidays.
Thursday, 12th to Friday, 20th of January 2017: Exams of the first semester.
Tuesday, 17th of January 2017: St Anthony the Great.
Saturday, 21st to Sunday, 29th of January 2017: Holiday between the two semesters.
Monday, 30th of January 2017: The beginning of the second semester.
Thursday, 2nd of February 2017: The Feast of the Presentation of the Lord in the Temple.
Friday, 3rd of February 2017: St. Barsaum
Monday, 6th to Wednesday, 8th of February 2017: Fast of Nineveh.
Monday, 27th of February 2017: First day of Great Lent.
Sunday, 5th of March 2017: The Feast of St. Aphrem, patron saint of the Monastery and Theological Seminary.
Saturday, 11th of March 2017: Forty Martyrs of Sebaste
Wednesday, 22nd of March 2017: The Middle of Great Lent and the Exaltation of the Holy Cross.
Saturday, 25th of March 2017: The Feast of the Annunciation to the Virgin Mary.
Friday, 8th of April to Sunday, 23th of April 2017: Holy Week and Resurrection of the Lord.
Monday, 15th of May 2017: Our Lady of the Crops
Thursday, 25th May 2017: The Feast of Ascension of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Friday, 26th of May 2017: The end of classes of the second semester.
Monday, 5th to Wednesday, 14th of June 2017: Exams of the second semester.
Wednesday, 15th of June 2017: Commemoration of the Martyrs of Sayfo and the end of the academic year.
The idea of establishing a clerical seminary and a theological institution for the Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch was a dream of Syriac Patriarchs in modern times. By the help of God, what was once a dream became reality at the hands of Patriarch Aphrem Barsoum (+1957) of blessed memory, who, in 1934, built an appropriate building for this purpose in the city of Zahlé, Lebanon. Later, in 1939, he inaugurated the clerical institute under the name of “St. Aphrem Clerical School”. Since then, this establishment has gone through six stages that are summarized as follows.
First stage: St. Aphrem Clerical School, 1939-1946 (Zahlé, Lebanon)
This first stage was the phase of establishment and organization. The School had fifteen students, of which some taught and studied at the same time, and was under the supervision of its director: His Holiness Patriarch Aphrem I Barsoum.
Second stage: St. Aphrem Clerical School, 1946-1962 (Mosul, Iraq)
For many reasons, the school was relocated from Zahlé to Mosul Iraq in 1946. It was set up at a building next to Al-Tahra Church. It moved rapidly towards success and provided the Church with an elite group of graduates.
Third stage: St. Aphrem Clerical School, 1962-1968 (Zahlé, Lebanon)
Yet again, for urgent reasons and pressing circumstances, Patriarch Mor Ignatius Jacob III of blessed memory brought it back to its old location in the city of Zahlé, Lebanon in 1962.
Fourth stage: St. Aphrem Clerical School, 1968-1982 (Atchaneh, Lebanon)
Patriarch Mor Ignatius Jacob III of blessed memory had constructed a special building for the School in Atchaneh, Lebanon. The School moved to Atchaneh and remained there until 1976, when its doors were closed due to the civil war in Lebanon. The students were obliged to return to their homes and countries. During the academic year 1977-1978, the Clerical School reopened its doors in Atchaneh and twelve students enrolled it, but the School did not persist and students had to move to Damascus during the academic year 1978-1979. Later, they returned to Atchaneh between 1979-1982.
Fifth stage: Saint Aphrem Clerical Institute, 1984-1996 (Damascus, Syria)
When the late Patriarch Mor Ignatius Zakka I Iwas of blessed memory was installed in 1980, he gave special attention to this institution. In 1981, during the first Synod following the election of His Holiness, the topic of this institution was the most important item of the meeting’s agenda. The issue was studied in depth and the Fathers of the Synod decided to elevate its academic and spiritual level. An episcopal committee was formed to carry on the work, and to relocate the institute to Maʿarrat Saydnaya, after preparing the building.
In February of 1984, the Holy Synod decided to make Damascus the temporary headquarters of the Institute, under the direct supervision of His Holiness, until its permanent building at Maʿarrat Saydnaya was completed. In accordance with the decision of the Synod, His Holiness opened the Institute in Damascus on October 1, 1984. An old building in Haret Al-Zeitoun, Bab Sharqi, was chosen as its headquarters. His Holiness restored it and built new rooms. The number of students was more than thirty. A new code was adopted and the academic regulations were revised. Being the supreme head of the Institute, His Holiness devoted much of his time to manage the Institute and to give some lectures to the advanced classes.
His Holiness worked on raising the level of the Institute to that of other theological colleges in the Middle East, which required improving the educational curriculum and increasing the teaching staff.
Sixth stage: Saint Aphrem Theological Seminary, 1996 – today (Saint Aphrem Monastery, Maʿarrat Saydnaya, Damascus, Syria)
Saint Aphrem Theological Seminary was moved from its old headquarters in Al-Zeitoun to Saint Aphrem Monastery in Ma’arrat Saydnaya, its new headquarters, on September 14, 1996. The Seminary started its work on October 26, 1996, and it improved constantly especially when some monks, who were formerly sent abroad by the late Patriarch to continue their advanced studies, returned to teach in it.
Today, His Holiness Patriarch Mor Ignatius Aphrem II is working to strengthen its faculty and to develop its curriculum as to match international academic standards. On this account, it is well on the way to becoming a Theological Faculty within the new Syriac University to be built in Ma’arrat Saydnaya.
The education at St. Aphrem Theological Seminary is based on an Orthodox Christian perspective, which is open as well to other Christian traditions and religions. Its aims are to meet the academic, cultural and spiritual needs of the students of philosophy and theology. It provides them with the essential religious knowledge that is required for ecclesiastic ministry and for advanced research in scriptural and theological fields and Syriac studies.
Supreme Head: His Holiness Patriarch Moran Mor Ignatius Aphrem II.
Director: His Grace Bishop Mor Georges Kourieh.
Vice-Director, Supervisor of the curriculum and Spiritual Director: Very Rev. Fr. Roger-Youssef Akhrass.
Saint Aphrem Theological Seminary offers three different kinds of certificates:
- Diploma in Theology: To obtain this certificate, a student must acquire 60 credits.
- Bachelor of Theology: To obtain this certificate, a student must acquire 120 credits, of which twenty consist of a thesis.
- Diploma in Syriac Language and Liturgy: To obtain this certificate, a student must complete the three levels of the Syriac language program and the determined classes of liturgy, for a total of 60 credits.
- A student must hold a “baccalauréat” (high school diploma) in sciences or literature, or completed his university studies.
- The student must submit the following documents:
- An identity card or a civil status record.
- A recommendation letter from the bishop of his diocese.
- A certified copy of his high school diploma.
- Two colored photos.
- A medical certificate showing that he is free from contagious diseases and from congenital and psychological disabilities.
- He must sign a statement in which he promises (1) to observe the regulations of the seminary, (2) to be obedient to his superiors, (3) to respect the teachers and (4) to care for his fellow students.
The application of admission must be personally submitted to the Theological Seminary, located at Saint Aphrem Monastery, Maʿarrat Sayednaya, before the end of June. During the submission of the application, an interview is conducted for final decision.
The theological classes are taught in Arabic, while the Syriac classes and grammar, and also the liturgical services, are done in Classical Syriac. Knowledge of English is necessary in order for students to make use of references in English during their research.
The academic year begins in September and ends by the end of June. It is divided into two semesters, each consisting of 14 weeks of classes with some additional weeks for exams and extra summer classes for Syriac language and liturgy.
The academic year starts with a celebration of the Divine Liturgy on the Feast of the Holy Cross (14th of September). The first semester begins on the third week of September and continues to the 3rd week of January. The second semester begins on the 1st week of February and ends by the 3rd week of June.
Bachelor’s courses last for four years (eight semesters) and the first year is considered a preparatory year, in which the lessons concentrate on Syriac, English and Arabic languages and the Holy Bible. A ninth semester is devoted to the preparation of the Bachelor thesis (40-60 pages).
During the second, third and fourth years, students typically complete about 16 credit hours per semester, in addition to the credits for language classes. Every class is regarded as obligatory for regular students and they should attend the classes accordingly. Auditors (students who do not earn credits) choose to attend the classes they want, but they will not receive a Bachelor of Theology. However, they will receive a certificate showing the courses they attended as auditors.
6. The method of evaluating classes and grades.
- The teacher chooses the best way to examine the learning achievement of his students. He can choose to do it through oral or written exam that is connected directly to the subject taught or to a related research. The participation of the students holds 20 % of the final degree.
- The grading scale is as follows:
- 90 – 100 = Excellent
- 80 – 90 = Very good
- 70 – 80 = Good
- 60 – 70 = Fair
- A student is considered to have failed a subject:
- If he receives less than 60 according to the grading scale.
- If he is absent from three classes per semester.
- If it is proven that he was cheating or trying to cheat during exams.
The student who fails a subject has the right to retake the exam during the holiday between the two semesters or during the summer period.
- The administration of the seminary has the right to dismiss a student from the seminary:
- If he fails two subjects, twice during two successive semesters.
- If he behaves very badly.
7. The spiritual life in the Theological Seminary
The seminarians live in Saint Aphrem Monastery and pray the daily prayers with the monks, evening, morning and at noon. They read a chapter from the Holy Bible daily after the evening prayer and participate in the Divine Liturgy on Wednesdays, Fridays and Sundays. The appointed spiritual director follows up their spiritual well-being by hearing their confession every Saturday evening. The students might watch movies about saints and other religious movies, every Sunday evening. They also have spiritual retreats and gatherings at certain times during the year.
Saint Aphrem Theological Seminary is a founding member of the ATIME (Association of Theological Institutes in the Middle East). It is considered the main Theological Seminary of the Syriac Orthodox Church, and is connected with the following theological seminaries and institutes:
- Beth Suryoye, The Syriac Theological Seminary, Salzburg, Austria.
- Saint Ignatius Syriac Orthodox Seminary, Södertälje, Sweden.
- Malankara Syrian Orthodox Theological Seminary, India.
- Saint Matthew Clerical Institute, Iraq.
- The Institute of Al-Zaʿfaran Monastery, Mardin, Turkey.
- The Institute of Saint Gabriel Monastery, Tur Abdin, Turkey.
Saint Aphrem Theological Seminary has formal relations with theological colleges of the Coptic Orthodox Church in Egypt and of the Armenian Orthodox Church in Lebanon, which aims at exchanging teachers, students, printed books and periodicals, researches and academic studies.
Through the ecumenical relations of the Syriac Orthodox Church, Saint Aphrem Theological Seminary endeavors to obtain scholarships for its outstanding students in order for them to continue their academic studies at international universities and colleges in Athens, Thessaloniki, Rome, Paris, London, Dublin and elsewhere.
- The Holy Bible
- Old Testament
|THB301||Prophetic Books (1)||2|
|THB302||Prophetic Books (2)||2|
|THB201||Books of Wisdom||2|
|THB402||Old Testament Theology||2|
- New Testament
|THB111||Biblical study on passages from the Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke||2|
|THB211||The Synoptic Gospels||2|
|THB311||The Gospel of John||2|
|THB312||The Book of Revelation and the Letters of John||2|
|THB411||Acts and Letters of Saint Paul (1)||2|
|THB412||The Letters of Saint Paul (2)||2|
- Languages of the Holy Bible
- Dogmatic Theology
|THD101||Introduction to Systematic Theology||2|
|THD401||The doctrine of the Holy Trinity||2|
|THD201||The Incarnation of the Word (Christology)||2|
|THD301||The Holy Spirit: His gifts and activities (Pneumatology)||2|
|THD202||The doctrine of Salvation (Soteriology)||2|
|THD102||The study of the Church (Ecclesiology)||2|
|THD402||The study of humanity from a Christian perspective (Anthropology)||2|
|THD302||The study of the end time (Eschatology)||2|
- Liturgical Theology
|THL201||Introduction to Liturgical Theology||2|
|THL301||Baptism, Chrismation and Eucharist||2|
|THL401||Priesthood, Repentance and Anointing of the Sick||2|
- Moral Theology
|THM201||Introduction to Moral Theology||2|
|THM302||Ethics of sexuality and family life||1|
- Pastoral Theology and Homiletics
|THPa401||Pastoral Theology: marriage and family life||1|
|THHa402||The art of preaching||1|
- Ascetical Theology
|THA201||Syriac Ascetical Theology||2|
|THF201||Patristics in the 2nd and 3rd centuries||2|
|THF301||Patristics in the 4th and 5th centuries||2|
|THF401||Introduction to the Syriac Church Fathers||2|
|LGS201||Syriac Church Fathers: Aphrahat and Bar Kipho||3|
|LGS202||Syriac Church Fathers: Saint Jacob of Serug||3|
|LGS301||Syriac Church Fathers : Saint Aphrem and Philoxenus of Mabbug||3|
|LGS302||Syriac Church Fathers: Isaac of Nineveh, Isaac of Antioch, Saint Severus the Great, Bar Hebraeus||6|
- Ecclesiastical History
|THH201||History of the Early Church (1-4 centuries)||2|
|THH301||Councils of the Church (4-6 centuries)||2|
|THH401||History of the Syriac Church during the middle and modern ages||2|
- Canon Law
|THC201||Introduction to Canon Law and Church Constitution||2|
|THC202||Personal Status Code||1|
- Religions and Ecumenism
|THR301||Introduction to Islam||2|
|THR302||Ecumenical Movement and theological dialogues||1|
|THPH101||Introduction to the History of Philosophy||2|
|THPH201||Ancient Greek Philosophy||2|
|THPH202||Philosophy and Knowledge of Man||2|
|THPs202||Introduction to Psychology||2|
|THPs402||Introduction to Social Psychology||2|
|THS301||Introduction to Sociology||2|
|THS401||Sociology of Religion||2|
|THMe401||Method of Scientific Research||1|
|LGS101||Syriac: reading and writing comprehension (1)||16|
|LGS201||Syriac: reading and writing comprehension (2-a)||6|
|LGS202||Syriac: reading and writing comprehension (2-b)||6|
|LGS301||Syriac: reading and writing comprehension (3-a)||6|
|LGS302||Syriac: reading and writing comprehension (3-b)||6|
|LGS102||Syriac: grammar (1)||5|
|LGS202||Syriac: grammar (2)||4|
|LGS302||Syriac: grammar (3)||4|
|THT101||Divine Liturgy and Psalms||3|
|THT102||Shimo and Beth-Gazo||10|
- The Holy Bible
- Old Testament
(THB401) The Pentateuch: Two credits
This course deals with the emergence of the Pentateuch and with the influence of the Babylonian Captivity on the formation of the identity of the Israelites, in light of modern critical theories. In addition to the general introductions to each of the five Pentateuchal books, the course deals with the following basic themes of the Pentateuch: the Creation and Fall of Man (Gen. 1-3); the Primeval History (Gen. 4-11); the Promise to the Patriarchs of Israel (Gen. 12-50); the Exodus from Egypt (Ex. 1-15); the Covenant at Mount Sinai (Ex. 16-25); the Law and Rituals (Ex. 20:22-23:33; 25-40); the Rituals and Holiness (Leviticus); The People in the desert (Numbers); the end of the journey to the Promised Land (Deuteronomy).
(THB101) The Historical Books: Two credits
This course aims at studying the historical books, which covers from the Book of Joshua to Second Chronicles, showing that their theological thought is based on the theology of Deuteronomy. The course provides an overview of each book, without neglecting the authors’ involvement with the culture of the nations and civilizations surrounding Israel. This course does also study the entry of the Israelites into Canaan (Joshua), the formation of the people of Israel as a nation in Canaan (Judges and Ruth) and the establishment of the Kingdom until its destruction and the Exile (First Samuel to Second Chronicles).
(THB301) The Prophetic Books (1): Two credits
This course introduces the meaning of prophecy in the Holy Bible and outside it. It explains the function of a prophet in delivering God’s word by drawing people to have faith in God, by rereading the history from a spiritual perspective and by arousing the conscience of the people. Then the pre-exile prophets are studied separately: Amos and Hosea in the Kingdom of Israel; Isaiah (1-39); Micah, Jeremiah, Nahum, Zephaniah and Habakkuk in the Kingdom of Judah.
(THB302) The Prophetic Books (2): Two credits
The study in this course is divided into two main parts: (1) the prophets during the period of the exile, that is, Ezekiel and Isaiah (40-55); (2) the prophets during the Persian era, that is, after the exile (Haggai, Zechariah, Joel, Obadiah, Jonah, Isaiah (56-66), Malachi), and finally the Book of Daniel originating from the Hellenistic era.
(THB201) Books of Wisdom: Two credits
This course deals with what is called the Ketoubim “Writings” in the Hebrew Bible, which contain the Psalms and the wisdom books. In addition to a general introduction, which elucidates how the poetic books confronted the invasion of the Greek culture, we will engage with selected passages that deal with woman, wisdom, life, death, reward, prayer of praise and gratitude in the Psalms, and so on.
(THB402) Old Testament Theology: Two credits
This course deals with some ambiguous passages in the Old Testament – especially those yielding objection concerning God’s relationship to violence, revenge, war and evil in general – by offering a better understanding of the historical, cultural, religious circumstances and the literary genres in which the passages in question were written.
- New Testament
(THB111) Biblical study on passages from the Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke: Two credits
This course contains a general introduction to the environment of the New Testament and a detailed study of the first three Gospels. The detailed study includes an introduction to each Gospel and then a study of chosen passages from the Gospels that reflect the uniqueness of each Gospel. From Matthew, we will study the passage relating to the Genealogy of Jesus and the Dream of Joseph (Matthew 1), the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5-7), the Parable of the Sower (Matthew 13:1-23) and the Death of Judas Iscariot (Matthew 27:3-10). As for Mark, the first three chapters and the story of the Canaanite Woman are studied (Mark 7). In Luke, the Call of Peter (Luke 5:1-11), the Parable of the Good Samaritan (Luke 10:25-37) and the Parable of the Prodigal Son are studied (Luke 15:11:32)
(THB211) The Synoptic Gospels: Two credits
During this course, the quest of the Synoptic Gospels will be studied, that is, the similarities and differences between the first three Gospels – Matthew, Mark and Luke – from two different perspectives. The first perspective considers the formation of the Gospel material, which will show that the Resurrection was the very foundation of the New Testament that changed the Disciples’ vision of the Rabbi of Nazareth (chap. 1). The early Christian communities were the context in which the essential Christian questions started to appear; these questions served to recall the deeds and sayings of the Lord Jesus (chap. 2), and to write them down by the Evangelists (chap. 3). As for the second perspective, we will study passages from the Synoptic Gospels through three scientific approaches, that is, diachronically (chap. 4), synchronically (chap. 5) and historically (chap. 6).
(THB311) The Gospel of John: Two credits
This course contains a comprehensive introduction to the Gospel of John, through which we will enquire about the enigma of the beloved disciple John and the uniqueness of his Gospel in comparison to the Synoptic Gospels. We will also enquire about the intellectual milieu in which the fourth Gospel emerged. Then, the following passages will be studied: the passage of the Messianic titles (Jn. 1:19-51), the Wine of Cana (2:1-12), Jesus meets Nicodemus (3:1-21) Jesus meets a Samaritan Woman (4:5-42), the Sermon on the Bread of Life (6:22-71), Jesus washes His Disciples’ feet (13:1-20) the Love of Simon (21:15-19). Through these passages, we will study some key-concepts of John’s Gospel: testimony, the hour, signs, glory, faith, love, etc.
(THB312) The Book of Revelation and the Letters of John: Two credits
This course approaches the Book of Revelation in light of the apocalyptic literature in, and outside, the Holy Bible. As an introduction, we will enquire about the author, the date of composition, its canonicity, structure, symbolism and its theological views in Christology, Eschatology and Ecclesiology. After this introduction, we will read through the book, pausing at essential meanings in the letters and revelations that the book unfolds.
As for the First Letter of John, we will study its structure, its literary and didactic background, the historical milieu, the date and place of composition, as well its theological content.
(THB411) The Acts and Letters of Saint Paul (1): Two credits
This course elucidates Saint Paul’s three missionary journeys as recorded in the Book of Acts and deals with the following seven Pauline letters: Romans, First and Second Corinthians, Galatians, Philippians, First Thessalonians and Philemon. This will be done through three main axes: (1) the apostolic ministry, (2) Christian communities under the word of the Cross and (3) justification by faith.
(THB412) The Letters of Saint Paul (2): Two credits
This course explores Paul’s thoughts on ecclesiological matters, the Cosmic Christ, the end of times and Christian ethics, as developed in his letters to the Colossians, Ephesians and in his Second Thessalonians. This will be followed by a study of the Pauline thoughts, as they emerge in the pastoral letters (First and Second Timothy and Titus), focusing mainly on various ministries in the Church, on the management of God’s house and on heterodox teachings of which one ought to be aware.
- Languages of the Holy Bible
(LGG201) Greek (1): One credit
(LGG301) Hebrew (1): One credit
- Dogmatic Theology
(THD101) Introduction to Systematic Theology: Two credits
This course explicates the meaning of dogma in Christianity and in the Church Councils which confirmed the dogmas by relying on Divine Revelation and on Holy Ecclesiastical Tradition. The course includes studies on the meaning of revelation, on prophecy and miracles, on the relationship between faith and reason, on the authenticity of the Holy Bible and on the existence of God and His attributes. It will also unfold the thoughts of some ideologies that reject the concept of faith, and the Church’s answer to them.
(THD401) The doctrine of the Holy Trinity: Two credits
This course focuses on the doctrine of the Holy Trinity and Monotheism, according to the understanding of the Orthodox Church Fathers and the Holy Councils, as it emerged through the Church’s response to the heresies that appeared in the 4th century. In addition, the course will shed some light on the teaching of the Church and Church Fathers on the study of angels and the fall of Satan and his followers.
(THD201) The Incarnation of the Word (Christology): Two credits
This course explores the incarnation of the Word of God and demonstrates how Arianism and Apollinarism paved the way for Christological controversies in the 5th century that occurred between Saint Cyril of Alexandria and Nestorius the Patriarch of Constantinople (the Council of Ephesus), and between Saint Dioscorus of Alexandria and Leo of Rome (the Council of Chalcedon). Furthermore, some crucial Christological terms will be clarified, such as essence, nature, hypostasis, property, energy, will, Theotokos (Mother of God), natural and hypostatic union, etc. The course presents a historical overview of the development of discussions on Christology up to the recently signed joint statement among Churches.
(THD301) The Holy Spirit: His gifts and activities (Pneumatology): Two credits
The aim of this course is to attain a comprehensive understanding of the person of the Holy Spirit and His role in the Church as well as in the personal life of every Christian, in light of the Syriac Patristic literature. Since His descent on Pentecost until the end of times, the Holy Spirit is the life-giving agent working within the Church. As for the personal life of the Christian, the Holy Spirit is the giver of divine gifts. And as for the Church, He is the perfecter of the mysteries. Blasphemy against the Holy Spirit is an unforgivable sin. Additionally, the course elucidates ancient and contemporary heresies that, in one way or another, deny the personhood of the Holy Spirit or render His divine gifts a matter of self-interest in the Christian life.
(THD202) The doctrine of Salvation (Soteriology): Two credits
The aim of this course on soteriology is to explore the doctrine of salvation, its principles and effects, as well as to clarify the meaning of Christ’s atoning mediation and the correct understating of salvation by grace, adoption and justification. We will consider the thought of the Syriac Fathers on the salvation of non-Christians, on the heresy of an immediate-static understanding of salvation, on the relation between faith and works in the context of soteriology and finally on “divinization” or the partaking of divine nature.
(THD102) The study of the Church (Ecclesiology): Two credits
This course deals with the image of the Church as existing in God’s eternal plan and as coming to existence in the history of the People of Old Testament and being purchased by the Blood of Christ in the New Testament. We will study the images of the Church and its symbols in the Old Testament, as well as the concepts of the chosen people and the Kingdom of God. Then, we will explore the relationship of the Lord Jesus Christ to the Church as its Head, Bridegroom, Husband, Lord, King and Teacher. In addition, we will consider the Church as part of God’s saving plan and its mission in spreading the Kingdom of God in the world, relying on the biblical text as well as on the patristic and liturgical tradition. We will also examine, at a great length, some crucial ecclesiological concepts such as the universal Church and the local church, authority in the Church and the communion between churches.
(THD402) The study of humanity from a Christian perspective (Anthropology): Two credits
This course examines God’s relationship to His creation and His providence, as well as the meaning of man – made up of body, soul, and spirit – being created in the image of the Creator and His likeness. The course focuses on the pre-fallen state of the creation, on the effect of Adam’s sin on the creation and on the meaning of the corrupted nature as understood in East and West. This will ultimately lead to a discussion about the concept of evil and salvation through Christ.
(THD302) The study of the end time (Eschatology): Two credits
What is the Orthodox notion of the end of time and history? How do the Oriental Church Fathers explain the state of the soul after death as well as Christ’s second coming, the resurrection, the risen bodies and the judgement? What is heaven and hell? These are the questions that this course intends to answer, without overlooking ancient and contemporary eschatological problems, as for example the issue of the thousand-year reign, purgatory, reincarnation, necromancy and apocatastasis.
- Liturgical Theology
(THL201) Introduction to Liturgical Theology: Two credits
After a general introduction to liturgical theology, the course sets off to explore liturgies of the East (Alexandrian and Antiochian liturgical traditions and their branches), and compares them with one another. This will be followed by an in-depth theological study of the Antiochian Syriac rite, by exploring the various liturgical books that are still in use, and by analyzing some theological aspects found in the texts. The course will also elucidate the symbolism of clerical clothing, ecclesiastical vessels and structure and order of the church building. The liturgical year, of both East and West, will also be explored and explained.
(THL301) Baptism, Chrismation and Eucharist: Two credits
Based on the Holy Bible, the patristic tradition and liturgical rituals, the following Christian sacraments of Initiation will be explored: Baptism, Chrismation and Eucharist. The course aims at explaining the theological meanings and the spiritual dimensions of these holy mysteries, considering the features and spirituality of the Syriac Liturgy and its development in comparison with the traditions of other Churches.
(THL401) Priesthood, Repentance and Anointing of the Sick: Two credits
The West is experiencing a crisis manifested by the decreasing number of vocations to the priesthood, by the nonconforming understanding of the common priesthood of the faithful and by calling for the ordination of women. All of this directs us toward a study of the Orthodox concept of ministry and of particular (ordained) priesthood, in light of the Holy Bible and the teaching of the Fathers. Comprehending the historical formation of the sacerdotal ministry will undoubtedly aid the understanding of the particular priesthood given to bishops, priests and deacons.
The same holds with respect to penance and the anointing of the sick. Studying the scriptural basis for these two sacraments will not suffice for gaining a correct and comprehensive understanding of them; rather one must go back to the sayings of the Fathers and also inquire about their historical development in various ecclesiastical traditions, as well as explore the canons and rituals that concern them.
- Moral Theology
(THM201) Introduction to Moral Theology: Two credits
The matter of Christian Morality, which is studied academically in the theological institutions, is studied within the subject of Christian Doctrine. Hence, the basis of Christian Morality is Christian Doctrine. The ideal manifestation of an accurate understanding of Christian Doctrine is through Christian Morality. The Church’s dogmatic and moral teachings are two banks of one river, which are manifested in the faith and life of its faithful, although academic practice requires their separation. Today, in Christian theological colleges and universities, the science of Christian Morality is more close to Christian Sociology, which reminds the former of its strong and deep connection with practical problems of daily life, but without forgetting its fundamental connection with Christian dogma and the ecclesiastical patristic tradition.
This Introduction to Moral Theology focuses first on explaining the meaning of Christian Morality as a scientific discipline, as well as its sources, methodology and connection with other theological disciplines. Then, we will consider the central subject of this discipline that is man created in the image of God. Through a close reading of the concept of freedom and of contemporary ethical problems, as well as the role of God’s commandments and Christian values, we will study the relationship between God and man and explore the problem of evil and suffering. We will also discuss the concepts of right and wrong, virtue and other related notions. Of course, we will not forget to elucidate man’s role as well as his effect on his social and human environment, and vice versa.
(THM301) Bioethics: One credit
Bioethics deals with vital present-day issues related to the medical development, such as abortion, euthanasia, cloning, in-vitro-fertilization, experiments on human embryos, organ transplantation, etc. In this course, the student will learn how to approach these issues, which are connected to the dignity of man’s life who is created in the image of God, from an Orthodox point of view.
(THM302) Ethics of sexuality and family life: One credit
This course is concerned with the following issues:
- The question of sexuality in the Holy Bible
- Sexuality and psychoanalysis.
- Gender theory promoted by sex difference deniers.
- Martial sexuality.
- Celibacy and priesthood.
- The responsibilities of married couples and birth control.
- Pastoral Theology and Homiletics
(THPa401) Pastoral theology: marriage and family life: One credit
This course explores the principle of pastoral care and ministering in the Church as means to attract people and to employ their talents and abilities into social services, such as serving children, youth and the elderly, as well as visiting the sick and bereaved families, guiding and preaching. The science of pastoral care aids the student to gain the required knowledge to face difficult situations in his ministry. The course will focus mainly on the Christian understanding of marriage, on the required maturity for marriage, on characteristics of the Christian family, its formation, transmission of faith in it, and the right education, etc.
(THHm402) The art of preaching: One credit
During this course, the student will learn and practice the art of religious preaching as a means of delivering the Word of God, promoting the faith, as well as transmitting moral values to the listeners. In the theoretical introduction, the student will learn the characteristics of a rich and inspiring homily, the preacher’s essential qualities, rhetoric and modes of persuasion. Then, he will train on how to select a topic for preaching, prepare the homily from biblical and patristic texts and, finally, practice delivering it in the classroom as well as in church.
- Ascetical Theology
(THA201) Syriac Ascetical Theology: Two credits
This course presents and introduces the most famous writers and schools of thought who established asceticism and monasticism in the Syriac tradition, regardless if they wrote in Syriac or Greek. The presentation of the writers will be done chronically, starting with the Odes of Salomon, the Demonstrations of Aphrahat, Aphrem the Syrian, the Book of Steps, the heresy of the Messalians, Pseudo-Macarius, Evagrius Ponticus, John of Apamea or the Solitary, Mark the Monk, the Discourses of Philoxenus of Mabbug, Admonitions and Exhortations on the Schema of Monasticism and Anchoritism by Athanasius Abu Ghalib, and the Ethicon and Book of the Dove by Bar Hebraeus.
(THF201) Patristics in the 2nd and 3rd centuries: Two credits
Patristics is the study of the life and writings of the Syriac, Greek and Latin Church Fathers. It outlines their basic cultural and religious thought, and elucidates how they effected the life of the Church subsequently.
During the first year, we will be introduced to the Apostolic Fathers (Clement of Rome, Ignatius, Polycarp, the Letter of Barnabas, The Shepherd of Hermas, the Epistle to Diognetus, Papias and the Didache), the Apologists (Justin Martyr, Tatian the Syrian, Theophilus of Antioch, Melito of Sardis and Tertullian), the authors who wrote against heresies (Serapion of Antioch and Irenaeus) and finally the scholars of the School of Alexandria (Clement, Origen and Dionysius).
(THF301) Patristics in the 4th and 5th centuries: Two credits
During this course the Fathers will be categorized after their school – Alexandrian, Antiochian and Cappadocian – and studied accordingly. From the School of Alexandria: Alexander of Alexandria, Athanasius the Great, Didymus the Blind, Theophilus of Alexandria, Cyril the Pillar of Faith, Dioscorus and Timothous II Aelurus will be studied. As for the School of Antioch, we will be acquainted with Eustathius of Antioch, Eunomius, Apollinaris of Laodicea, Marcellus of Ancyra, Meletius of Antioch, Diodore of Tarsus, Severian of Gabala, Theodore of Mopsuestia, Nilus of Ancyra, John Chrysostom, Acacius of Aleppo, Theodoret of Cyrus and Proclus of Constantinople. Lastly, we will approach the Cappadocian Fathers: Gregory Thaumaturgus, Basil the Great, Gregory of Nazianzus, Gregory of Nyssa and Amphilochius of Iconium.
(THF401) Introduction to the Syriac Church Fathers: Two credits
This introductory course deals with the West Syrian theologians and authors, starting with Tatian and Bardaisan, followed by Jacob of Nisibis, Asuna, Shemon Bar Sabbae, Aphrahat the Persian, Aphrem the Syrian, Maroutha of Martyropolis (Miapharqat), Rabbula of Edessa, Balai, Isaac of Amida, Isaac of Antioch, Simeon the Stylite, Jacob of Serug, Simeon the Potter, Philoxenus of Mabbug, Severius of Antioch, Jacob Baradaeus, Jacob of Edessa, John of Dara, Moshe Bar Kipha, Bar Salibi and Bar Hebraeus.
(LGS201) Syriac Church Fathers: Aphrahat and Moshe Bar Kipho: 3 credits (Reading in Syriac)
(LGS202) Syriac Church Fathers: Jacob of Serug: 3 credits (Reading in Syriac)
(LGS301) Syriac Church Fathers: Aphrem and Philoxenus of Mabbug: 3 credits (Reading in Syriac)
(LGS302) Syriac Church Fathers: Isaac of Nineveh, Isaac of Antioch, Severius of Antioch, Bar Hebraeus: 6 credits (Reading in Syriac)
- Ecclesiastical History
(THH201) History of the Early Church (1-4 centuries): Two credits
Before entering ecclesiastical history, the Aramaean kingdoms and their neighboring nations and kingdoms will be examined at a glance. Then, the beginning of the Christian Church will be explored. We will relate the biography of the twelve apostles, as well as the seventy disciples, and recount the places where they preached. Hence, the spread of Christianity during the first four centuries, until the Edict of Milan (313 AD), will be dealt with, including the ten severe persecutions that the Church suffered. In addition, the most important heresies that were threatening the early Church will be brought to light.
(THH301) Councils of the Church (4-6 centuries): Two credits
This course will examine the three ecumenical councils that took place at Nicea (325 AD), Constantinople (381 AD) and Ephesus (431 AD). We will recount their historical framework, the reasons for their gathering, their participants and the constitutions and the doctrines and decisions that were enacted.
The course will also deal with the Council of Chalcedon in detail and bring to light the circumstances of its gathering, its confession, its decisions and also show how it caused a great schism in the Church, which continue to exist even today.
(THH401) History of the Syriac Church during the middle and modern ages: Two credits
At this stage of the study of ecclesiastical history, the focus will be restricted to the history of the Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch. Its history is divided into three periods. The first period extends from the sixth to the thirteenth century, namely from the split of the Antiochian Patriarchate, the Islamic conquests, the Umayyad and Abbasid caliphates until the Frankish wars (the so-called Crusades). During this first stage, we will also study the intellectual, cultural and religious interaction that emerged though the meeting of peoples and cultures in the East. The second stage covers the fourteenth century until the nineteenth. We will deal with the Western monastic missions in the East and the emergence of Eastern Catholic Churches. As for the third stage, the focus will be to shed some light on the Syriac Church during the twentieth and twenty- first centuries by exploring its patriarchs, holy councils, intellectuals and relations, as well as the tragic genocide that faced the Church in the Ottoman Empire.
- Canon Law
(THC201) Introduction to Canon Law and Church Constitution: One credit
After a brief historical recount of the development of the Canon Law in the Syriac Orthodox Church, we will study the meaning of Canon Law, ecclesiastical jurisprudence, categories of laws, rules of legislation and its sources in the Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch. These sources include the Holy Bible, the Church tradition, the patristic canons, collections of ecclesiastical law such as the Nomocanon of Bar Hebraeus, and the canons of the ecumenical councils as well as general and local synods. The focus of study will be the Church’s contemporary constitution and its legal, dogmatic and pastoral meanings.
(THC202) Personal Status Code: One credit
The issues dealt with in this course are the regulations of Personal Status regarding engagement, marriage (its contract, annulment and decrees), separation, dissolution of marriage or divorce, custodianship, adoption, alimony, guardianship and tutelage, endowment and will (especially the will of the clergy and their heritage).
These issues are explained according to the current legislation in effect in Syria and Lebanon. The students will learn about the viewpoint of the Syriac Orthodox Church regarding civil marriage and about how to deal with it in the diaspora.
- Religions and Ecumenism
(THR301) Introduction to Islam: Two credits
The aim of this course is to understand the historical, social and religious frame in which Islam emerged. This will be done by, firstly, studying the milieu of Mecca and the biography of the prophet; secondly, by understanding the history and content of the Qur’an; lastly, by exploring the fundamental spiritual principles of Islam (dogmas, moral teachings, worship and feasts). In addition, the student will learn how to differentiate between the various schools and sects of Islam and their main doctrinal differences.
(THR302) Ecumenical Movement and theological dialogues: One credit
This course explores the history of the relations between Christian Churches and especially the emergence of the ecumenical movement in the twentieth century and its most important forums, its international assemblies as well as the signed agreements. The course will also shed some light on doctrinal differences between churches and the differences in formulating their doctrines. In addition, the student will get an overview of the dialogue between the Oriental Orthodox Churches and other Christian Churches, and will learn what issues are still under discussion.
(THPh1101) Introduction to the History of Philosophy: Two credits
The aim of this introductory course is to map out the fields of philosophy. The course will then explain at a glance its fields and its essential schools by pointing out their historical progress.
(THPh201) Ancient Greek Philosophy: Two credits
This course will discuss the following:
- The Ionian School and its representatives.
- The Eleatic School and its representatives.
- Stoicism and Epicureanism.
- Socrates, Plato and Aristotle.
- Sophism and its representatives.
- The atomistic natural philosophers (Democritus).
(THPh202) Philosophy and Knowledge of Man: Two credits
This course proceeds from Socrates’ statement “know yourself” to address the problem of knowledge of man. Is knowledge of man possible? By what, then, can we attain it? Philosophic anthropology does also discuss other issues, as the existence of man, his reason, his perception, his free will, etc.
(THPh301) Medieval Philosophy: Two credits
The medieval period spans over ten centuries. It begins with the fall of the Roman Empire at the hands of the Barbarians (476 AD) and ends with the Conquest of Constantinople by the Turks (1453 AD). More precisely, the philosophical thinking, during this period, is concentrated between the 10th century and the 13th century. In the first part of this course, we will study the thoughts of Augustine, which had a profound influence on medieval philosophical thinking. Then we will study Western theologians and philosophers of the medieval period, as Johannes Scotus Erigena, Anselm, Albert the Great, Thomas Aquinas, William of Ockham and some of the translators and university founders. This course will also deal with the relationship between philosophy and theology as well as its importance for theological research.
(THPh303) Islamic Philosophy: Two credits
This course explores the history of philosophy in the Islamic world and focuses mainly on:
- ‘Ilm Al-Kalam (Islamic scholastic theology) and the Muʿtazila, the pioneer role of Al-Kindi in using a logical approach to Islamic sciences, the logical analysis of Al-Razi and his refusal to let religion interfere in rational affairs.
- The cosmogenic theory, the creation and nature according to Al-Farabi, Ikhwan Al-Safa, Avicenna (Ibn-Sina) and Al-Ghazali and Neoplatonic influences on their thoughts.
(THPh401) Modern Philosophy: Two credits
This course, dealing with modern philosophy, is divided into two parts:
- Continental rationalism and its representatives (Bacon, Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Hegel and Kant).
- Empiricism (Hobbes, Hume, Locke and Barkley).
(THPh302) Philosophical Problems: Two credits
During this course we will reflect on well-known philosophical problems dealing with man, knowledge and freedom. We will also approach the issue of evil and death, which have led to the new atheism and the intellectual proclamation of Nietzsche that God is dead.
(THPh402) Moral Philosophy: Two credits
Moral philosophy is mainly concerned with the concepts of freedom and justice. We will start by studying these concepts within the framework of three ethical models (Arabic, Soviet and Western) and as related to the notion called the future shock (Toffler). Then we will discuss the emergence of ethics in Greek poetry and Socrates. Finally, we will approach the concept of affection by defining it, looking at its diversity, its infirmity and lapse.
(THPs202) Introduction to Psychology: Two credits
In this introductory course, we will study the following:
- Personality and its construction.
- Freudian school of psychoanalysis.
- Unconscious defense mechanism.
- Psychological crisis.
- Remembrance and forgetting.
- Adaptation and its types, fear, anxiety and psychological conflict.
(THPs402) Introduction to Social Psychology: Two credits
This course includes:
- An introduction to general psychology.
- A definition of social psychology, its historical phases and its major figures.
- Contributions of psychological theories to social psychology.
- Research methods and tools (values, trends and public opinions).
- Trends and public opinion.
- The individual and the cultural system (psychology of culture).
- Types of social interaction between groups and organizations; community: its definition, characteristics and types; leadership.
- Applied social psychology in education.
- Psychology of terrorism.
(THS301) Introduction to Sociology: Two credits
Sociology is the scientific study of social behavior and social facts as real social phenomenon. Its framework of research is the study of effects and of the relationship between humans in various fields of life.
This course, either theoretical or practical, aims at exploring and understanding human nature in terms of it being a social being. This is of great importance to our theological teaching since we understand the faithful as being an individual living in society and so the Church as a community of believers. This course will consist of defining terms and the field of study of Sociology, as well as exploring social theories and trends, and elucidating its relationship to other human sciences. We will also get familiar with its sources, history and branches, with social networking, social changes and the barriers to social progress.
(THS401) Religious Sociology: Two credits
Religious branches in sociology emerged when sociologists understood that religion and society are structurally linked to each other. Man is by nature not just a social being, but also a religious being; therefore, a dialectical relation exists between the religious and the social in man, which makes them intervene to interchange qualities.
During the course, we will begin by determining the essence of religious sociology and its content. Then, we will define religion based on the theories of religious sociology, especially those developed by Feuerbach, Marx, Durkheim, Weber and others. Through our study of religion as a social phenomenon and a social product, we will explore man’s religious life in the family, the social classes and politics. We will deal, at a great length, with the attitude of religion on the issue of change, secularization and globalization. We will also cover some other topics such as religious manifestations, atheism, the Christian in the society and the relation between Church and State.
(THMe401) Method of Scientific Research: One credit
- Aims at introducing the student to the methods of scientific research applied in university studies.
- Provides the student with the basic skills to prepare theoretical and experimental researches starting with choosing a topic, determining the appropriate methodology to approach it, searching for proper sources and scientific material, planning the study, engaging a close reading and starting the composition.
- Explains the content of each step in scientific research closely, clarifies its appropriate place in the study and the appropriate time to write it.
- Presenting the proper way of writing references, whether in Arabic or any other foreign language, according to the mode agreed upon.
- Increasing the student’s ability to argue scientifically and to discuss with logic all what he writes down in his research as means to help him to establish a scientific and critical mind.
(LGS101) Syriac: reading and writing comprehension (1): Sixteen credits
This course, which is the first level of Syriac, consists of working through the first five books of Abd Al-Massih Qarbash.
(LGS201) Syriac: reading and writing comprehension (2-a): Six credits
This course will consist of a reading of the sixth book of Abd Al-Massih Qarbash (fall semester), as well as the Demonstrations of Aphrahat and Moshe Bar Kipho (spring semester).
(LGS202) Syriac: reading and writing comprehension (2-b): Six credits
This course will consist of a reading of the seventh book of Abd Al-Massih Qarbash (fall semester), as well as Jacob of Serug (spring semester).
The student who passes either (2-a) or (2-b) with an excellent degree goes on to the third level without being obligated to go though both parts in level two.
(LGS301) Syriac: reading and writing comprehension (3-a): Six credits
This course will consist of a reading of the eighth book of Abd Al-Massih Qarbash (fall semester), as well as the writings of Aphrem and Philoxenus (spring semester).
(LGS302) Syriac: reading and writing comprehension (3-b): Six credits
This course will consist of a reading of Isaac of Nineveh and Isaac of Antioch (fall semester), Bar Hebraeus’ Lamp of the Sanctuary and Severius the Great (spring semester).
(LGS102) Syriac: grammar (1): Five credits
The curriculum of Syriac grammar contains the following courses:
1.The alphabet; 2. The vowels
- Parts of speech
Verbs: 4- Defective verbs; 5- Verbs with olaf; 6- Strong (sound) verbs; 7- Verb derivation patterns (base form verbs, extended verb form); 8- Patterns of passive voice; 9-Intransitive and transitive verbs
Nominals: 10- Substantive and adjective; 11- Proper noun, generic noun; 12- Aplastic (primitive) noun and derivative noun; 13- Masculine and feminine; 14- Singular, dual, plural; 15- Cardinal numerals; 16- Numbers;
17- Pronoun; 18- Suffix; 19- Demonstrative pronouns; 20- Interrogative pronouns; 21- Relative pronouns; 22- Antonomasia (ܟܡܐ܆ ܦܠܢ܆ ܙܦܠܢ)
Particles: 23- Prepositions; 24- Conjugation
25- Points; 26- Upper and under line; 27- Silent letters; 28- Unwritten letters; 29- Palatalization (Transformations in the pronunciation of some consonants)
(LGS202) Syriac: grammar (2): Four credits
The second level of Syriac grammar contains the following morphology subjects:
Nouns: 1- Noun patterns; 2- Compound nouns; 3- Feminization of nouns; 4- Pluralization of nouns, 5- Adjectivization of nouns; 6- Diminutive; 7- Absolute state.
Derivation: 8- Verbal noun (base form verbs, extended verb form); 9- Noun of instance; 10-Infinitive; 11- Active participle; 12 Passive participle; 13- Adjectives; 14- Noun of place; 15- Noun of instrument.
Particles: 16- Prepositions; 17- Adverbs.
Verb: 17- Objective pronouns.
Appendix: 18- Spirantization (Rukokho and Qushoyo).
(LGS302) Syriac grammar (3): Four credits
Third year curriculum of Syriac grammar contains the coming subjects of syntax:
Definiteness and indefiniteness: 1- Description of the definite and indefinite nouns; 2- Pronoun; 3-Proper noun; 4- Demonstrative pronoun; 5- Relative pronoun; 6- Ending Olaf as a definite marker; 7- Indefinite annexed to a definite.
Subject, Predicate: 8- Subject and predicate; 9- Agent; 10- Subject of a passive verb
Accusative and object: 11- Cognate accusative; 12- Direct object of transitive verb; the accusative of direct object; 13- Accusative adverb of time, manner, or place
Accusative: 14- Circumstantial accusative; 15- Accusative of specification; 16- Counted nouns after numerals; 17- Antonomasia (ܟܡܐ܆ ܦܠܢ܆ ܙܦܠܢ)
Annexation: 18- Abstract annexation; 19- Formal annexation;
Appositives: 20- Adjective; 21- Comparative and superlative; 22- Corroboration, emphasis; 23- Apposition and substitution; 24- Rhetoric coordination (Explanatory coordination); 25- Sequential coordination
26- ܗܘܐ; 27- ܐܝܬ; 28- ܕܝܠܝ; 29- Thing and matter; 30- Annexed compound;
Particles: 31- Prepositions; 32- Adverbs.
33- Prepositions annexed to substantive; 34- Prepositions annexed to relative clause
35- Conditional particles; 36- Explanatory conjunctions; 37- Exceptive particles; 38- Particles of lengthening; 39- Interjection particles; 40- Particles expressing totality; 41- Particles of conclusion and consequence; 42- Particles of doubt and hoping; 43- Particles of assertion; 44- Particles of negation; 45- Particles of prohibition; 46- Particles of interrogation; 47- Particles of wishing; 48- Vocative particles; 49- Coordinating conjunctions; 50- Particles of embellishment;
51- Particles expressing joy and praise; 52- Particles of lamentation and soreness; 53- Particles of threatening; 54- Exclamatory particles; 55- Particles expressing mockery and irony; 56- Particles expressing aversion and repulsion;
Sentence, equivalent sentence, terms semantically connected to adverbs and prepositions: 57-Sentence and equivalent sentence; 58- Terms semantically connected to adverbs and prepositions.
(LGA101) Arabic: Four credits
(LGE101) English: Ten credits
(THT101) Divine Liturgy and Psalms: Three credits
(THT102) Shimo and Beth-Gazo: Ten credits
(THT401) Liturgical ministry: Six credits
(In alphabetical order)
Monk Yamen Aboud (Diploma in theology and Syriac language): Syriac language.
Rabban Roger-Youssef Akhrass (Ph.D. in patristics): Holy Bible, patristics, liturgical theology and Syriac language.
Rabban Petros AlKassis (Ph.D. in sociology): Sociology and moral theology.
Rabban Saliba AlKassis (M.A. in liturgy): Liturgical theology.
Rabban Yaakob Babawee (B.A. in theology): Old Testament.
Rabban Cyrill Babi (M.A. in Canon Law): Canon Law.
Dr. Issa Bechara (Ph.D. in philosohy): Philosophy.
Rabban Barsom George (Diploma in theology and Syriac language): Dogmatic theology, Old Testament.
Monk Antonios Gharib (Diploma in theology and Syriac language): Syriac language.
Rabban Youhanon Habil (Ph.D. in theology and religions history): Liturgical theology.
Rabban Zakka Jelma (B.A. in theology): Dogmatic theology.
Teacher Samar Kandalaft : English language.
Teacher Georgette Khouri (M.A. in philosophy): Philosophy.
Bishop George Kourie (Ph.D. in patristics): Doctrine theology, patristics and Greek language.
Teacher Samia Al Raei: Arabic language.
Archbishop Justinos Boulos Safar (Ph.D. in Canon Law): Canon Law.
Rabban Jack Yacoub (Ph.D. in Canon Law): Canon Law, Ascetical Theology.
 Days in bold type are days off for students.
 Divine Liturgy begins at 08:00 am; exams follow at 10:30 am.
 A credit is equal to one hour class per week during a period of 15 weeks.